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The root of improvement is criticism.
The root of wellness is health.
The root of trust is honest truthfulness.
The root of unity is equality.
The root of happiness is sympathy.
The root of good qualities is helping others.
The root of talent is persistence.
The root of nationality is language.
The root of Saṃsāra is self-grasping.
The root of the Transcendent Dharma is the realization of selflessness.

(Translated from the Tibetan by Erick Tsiknopoulos, May 18th 2017, in Rakkar, Himachal Pradesh, India. 

Tibetan text is from a photo being spread among Tibetans online, posted above; author unlisted.)


Erick Tsiknopoulos View All

Erick Tsiknopoulos (b. 1981) is an American translator of Tibetan, a scholar, researcher and postgraduate student in Buddhist Studies, a teacher and tutor of Tibetan language, a writer and editor, a voracious reader in various subjects, and an experienced world traveler. He is the founder and primary Tibetan translator of the Sugatagarbha Translation Group, and the creator of their main website,, which currently features English translations of over 400 Tibetan texts. Many of his translations have been published in various forms, including as books.

He has been a student of Buddhism since 1999, a student of Tibetan Buddhism since 2003, and a student of Tibetan language since 2005. He has been translating Tibetan texts into English since 2007, has been based in India and Nepal studying Tibetan language and Buddhism intensively and translating Tibetan texts since 2008, and has been working professionally as a Tibetan-English translator and interpreter since 2009.

He is available for contact via email at: and

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